Level 1 & Level 2 EV Charging Is Expected To Account For 80% Of All EV Charging In 2030

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The Nationwide Renewable Vitality Laboratory expects Stage 1 and Stage 2 charging to deal with 80% of all EV charging duties by 2030. Adequate vitality from the electrical grid could also be wanted to assist 33 million EVs on the highway by 2030. The bulk (64%) of EV charging is estimated to happen at single household houses utilizing L1 and L2 charging, which is often probably the most cost-effective and handy sort of charging. DC quick charging infrastructure is anticipated to assist 20% of EV charging wants.


  • Stage 1 (L1) refers to 120v AC charging from a typical US family outlet.
  • Stage 2 (L2) refers to 240v AC charging like that used for a family electrical dryer.
  • DC Quick charging on this research refers to cost charges of 150kW or increased.
  • Low energy DC charging (e.g., 50 kW) is omitted from the research’s baseline state of affairs on the idea of assumed driver preferences for DC charging that’s as quick as doable and 2030 automobile know-how situations the place batteries are able to accepting at the least 150 kW of peak energy.

Supply: Nationwide Renewable Vitality Laboratory, The 2030 National Charging Network: Estimating U.S. Light-Duty Demand for Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure, June 2023. Fact #1335 Dataset.

Courtesy of Department of Energy 

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